Workplace support and affirming behaviors: Moving toward a transgender, gender diverse, and non-binary friendly workplace

Ann Hergatt Huffman, Maura J. Mills, Satoris S. Howes, M. David Albritton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Background: The experiences of transgender, gender diverse, and non-binary (TGDNB) workers remain poorly understood and under-examined in the extant literature, with workplace support perceptions and affirming behaviors of these workers particularly misunderstood. Aims: We address this gap in the literature by presenting and empirically testing a theoretical model that suggests affirming behaviors are differentially related to various sources of TGDNB worker support. We further suggest these sources of support are differentially related to TGDNB employee satisfaction and gender identity openness at work. Methods: We collected data from trans-related social media groups, inviting TGDNB-identifying employees to participate in the study. Quantitative and qualitative data from 263 TGDNB employees were collected through survey administrations. Results: Supervisor and coworker support are related to job and life satisfaction, with supervisor support strongly connected to job satisfaction. The use of gender-affirming pronouns/titles and discouraging derogatory comments at work were related to perceived TGDNB support. Positive transgender organizational climate was strongly related to gender identity openness at work. Discussion: Results highlight a need for better workplace inclusivity and TGDNB-friendly environments, as well as more diversity training and company policy improvements that directly impact the workplace experiences of TGDNB people.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-242
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Transgender Health
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2021


  • Affirming behaviors
  • gender identity openness
  • non-binary
  • organizational climate
  • workplace support transgender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Health Policy
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Gender Studies


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