Within-Subject Effects of Stress on Weight-Related Parenting Practices in Mothers: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study

Genevieve F. Dunton, Wangjing Ke, Eldin Dzubur, Sydney G. O'Connor, Nanette V. Lopez, Gayla Margolin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Stress may compromise parenting practices related to children's dietary intake, physical activity, and sedentary behavior. Purpose The current study used Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) to examine microtemporal sequences underlying maternal stress and subsequent weightrelated parenting practices. Methods Mothers (n = 199) of children aged 8-12 years participated in two separate 7-day waves of EMA with up to eight randomly prompted surveys per day during children's nonschool time. EMA items assessed stress and weight-related parenting practices. Results When mothers reported experiencing greater stress than usual, they subsequently engaged in less physical activity parenting (e.g., encouraging physical activity; p < .05) and more sedentary screen behavior parenting (e.g., limiting TV/video games; p < .05) over the next 2 hr. Conclusions Addressing within-day variations in maternal stress may be an important component of parent-focused child obesity prevention interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-425
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 28 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dietary intake
  • Ecological momentary assessment
  • Maternal stress
  • Physical activity
  • Sedentary behavior
  • Weightrelated parenting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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