Vocal matching of frequency modulation in synthesized vowels

Judith B. King, Yoshiyuki Horii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Nine male singers attempted to match rates and extents of synthesized vocal vibrato at low, middle, and high pitch levels. The results showed that on average, the singers were able to match rates of 3, 5, and 7 Hz within 13%. It was difficult for the singers, however, to match extents of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 semitones. Thus, the results indicated singers' reasonably good ability to match rates but, contrary to prevalent opinions, not extents of vocal vibrato.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-159
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Voice
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1993


  • Extent of frequency vibrato
  • Matching
  • Rate of frequency vibrato
  • Vocal vibrato

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Speech and Hearing
  • LPN and LVN


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