Three-dimensional free convection in a long rotating porous box: Analytical solution

P. Vadasz

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39 Scopus citations


A three-dimensional analytical solution to the steady-state free convection problem in a long rotating porous box is presented for large values of the porous media Ekman number. The convection results from differential heating of the horizontal walls leading to temperature gradients orthogonal to the centrifugal body force. The solution to the nonlinear set of partial differential equations was obtained through an asymptotic expansion of the dependent variables in terms of two small parameters representing the reciprocal Ekman number in porous media and the aspect ratio of the domain. The results are focused towards the Coriolis effect on the flow. Secondary circulation was obtained in a plane orthogonal to the leading free convection plane. The results show that the Coriolis effect on free convection is controlled by a combined dimensionless group representing the ratio of the centrifugal Rayleigh number to the porous media Ekman number.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)639-644
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Heat Transfer
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1993


  • Natural Convection
  • Porous Media
  • Rotating Flows

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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