The Wood Image Analysis and Dataset (WIAD): Open-access visual analysis tools to advance the ecological data revolution

Tim Rademacher, Bijan Seyednasrollah, David Basler, Jian Cheng, Tessa Mandra, Elise Miller, Zuid Lin, David A. Orwig, Neil Pederson, Hanspeter Pfister, Donglai Wei, Li Yao, Andrew D. Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Ecological data are collected and shared at an increasingly rapid pace, but it is often shared in inconsistent and untraceable processed forms. Images of wood contain a wealth of information such as colours and textures but are most commonly reduced to ring-width measurements before they can be shared in various common file formats. Archiving digital images of wood samples in libraries, which have been developed for ecological analysis and are publicly available, remains the exception. We developed the Wood Image Analysis and Dataset (WIAD), an open-source application including a web interface to integrate basic visual analysis of wood samples, such as increment cores, thin sections or X-ray films, basic data processing, and archiving of the images and derived data to facilitate transparency and reproducibility in studies using visual characteristics of wood. WIAD provides user-friendly tools to manipulate images of wood samples, mark and measure wood characteristics such as growth increments, density fluctuations, early- and latewood widths and fire scars, and to visualise, process and archive images, metadata, and the derived data. WIAD constitutes a step towards the reproducible automation of tree-ring analysis while establishing an open-source foundation to create improved community-developed repositories which would enable novel ecological studies harnessing the wealth of existing visual data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2379-2387
Number of pages9
JournalMethods in Ecology and Evolution
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • Graphical User Interface
  • automation
  • data revolution
  • dendrochronology
  • dendroecology
  • repository
  • tree rings
  • visual analysis
  • wood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecological Modeling


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