Between 1900 and 1930, federal reclamation, industrialization, and recruitment by the Bureau of Indian Affairs drove thousands of Tohono O'odham to take up wage work. The Tohono O'odham, however, challenged the blueprint drawn up by federal agencies for their "assimilation" by actively shaping their integration into the regional political economy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||21|
|Journal||Western Historical Quarterly|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas