The relationship between on-road FFCO2 emissions and socio-economic/urban form factors for global cities: Significance, robustness and implications

Yang Song, Kevin R. Gurney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transportation accounts for 18% of global fossil fuel carbon dioxide (FFCO2) emissions, especially in urban areas. An improved understanding of on-road FFCO2 emissions is essential to both carbon science and mitigation policy. Previous studies have identified the driving factors and quantified their relationship to on-road FFCO2 emissions. However, they have been primarily based on case studies conducted in individual cities, and the research results remain inconclusive due to the considerable heterogeneity of cities and associated outcomes. In order to achieve more general results and to further understand their uncertainties, this study explored the relationships between socio-economic/urban form data and self-reported on-road ffco2 emissions for a sample of global cities based on the adjusted Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence and Technology (STIRPAT) model. The robustness and sensitivity of these relationships was evaluated by introducing artificial errors, conducting cross-validation, and examining various model specifications. Results indicated that fuel economy (p-value < 3.1 × 10-8), vehicle ownership (p-value < 3.0 × 10-4), road density (p-value < 4.4 × 10-3) and population density (p-value < 3.1 × 10-3) were statistically significant factors that correlate with on-road FFCO2 emissions. Of these four variables, fuel economy and vehicle ownership had the most robust relationships. These results offer potential policy insights into on-road FFCO2 emissions mitigation in cities, in addition to offering a means to generate emissions estimates without detailed bottom-up information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6028
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Global cities
  • On-road emission
  • Sensitivity analysis
  • Socio-economic/urban form factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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