The relationship between bone mineral content and muscular strength and endurance in older adult women

B. G. McManis, R. E. Rikli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study compares forearm bone mineral content (BMC) in older women with forearm muscular strength, with forearm muscular endurance, and with general cardiovascular endurance. Thirty-one postmenopausal women (aged 65-85) were tested for bone mineral content (BMC) at the 1/3 and 1/20 distal locations on the radius of the non-dominant forearm. Forearm strength was assessed with a grip dynamometer, forearm endurance with a wrist curl test, and cardiovascular endurance with a step test. There were significant correlations between forearm strength and both cortical and trabecular BMC (P < 0.05). No significant correlations were found between either of the endurance measures and BMC. These findings suggest that perhaps high resistance strength-development types of exercises may be more effective than lower resistance endurance-building types of activities relative to increased bone density.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-53
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Gerontology
Volume13
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging

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