The Racial Implications of Voter Identification Laws in America

Matt A. Barreto, Stephen Nuño, Gabriel R. Sanchez, Hannah L. Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Over 40 states have considered voter identification laws in recent years, with several adopting laws requiring voters to show a valid ID before they cast a ballot. We argue that such laws have a disenfranchising affect on racial and ethnic minorities, who are less likely than Whites to possess a valid ID. Leveraging a unique national dataset, we offer a comprehensive portrait of who does and does not have access to a valid piece of voter identification. We find clear evidence that people of color are less likely to have an ID. Moreover, these disparities persist after controlling for a host of relevant covariates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-249
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Politics Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019


  • racial and ethnic politics
  • voter ID laws

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science


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