The Potential for Double-Loop Learning to Enable Landscape Conservation Efforts

Brian Petersen, Jensen Montambault, Marni Koopman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


As conservation increases its emphasis on implementing change at landscape-level scales, multi-agency, cross-boundary, and multi-stakeholder networks become more important. These elements complicate traditional notions of learning. To investigate this further, we examined structures of learning in the Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCCs), which include the entire US and its territories, as well as parts of Canada, Mexico, and Caribbean and Pacific island states. We used semi-structured interviews, transcribed and analyzed using NVivo, as well as a charrette-style workshop to understand the difference between the original stated goals of individual LCCs and the values and purposes expressed as the collaboration matured. We suggest double-loop learning as a theoretical framework appropriate to landscape-scale conservation, recognizing that concerns about accountability are among the valid points of view that must be considered in multi-stakeholder collaborations. Methods from the social sciences and public health sectors provide insights on how such learning might be actualized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)782-794
Number of pages13
JournalEnvironmental Management
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 23 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Collaboration
  • Double-loop learning
  • Institutional change
  • Landscape Conservation Cooperatives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Ecology
  • Pollution


Dive into the research topics of 'The Potential for Double-Loop Learning to Enable Landscape Conservation Efforts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this