The Effects of Thrust Joint Manipulation on the Resting and Contraction Thickness of Transversus Abdominis in Patients With Low Back Pain: A Randomized Control Trial

Kelly K. Fosberg, Emilio Puentedura, Brian Schmitz, Tarang K. Jain, Joshua A. Cleland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the immediate changes in resting and contracted thickness of the transversus abdominis (TrA) muscle after application of thrust joint manipulation (TJM) vs sham manipulation in participants with low back pain. Methods: A pretest–posttest randomized controlled trial design was performed. Consecutive subjects satisfying eligibility criteria completed patient-report outcome baseline measures, pretreatment rehabilitative ultrasound imaging (RUSI) measurements, followed by the randomly assigned intervention then, post-treatment RUSI measurements, and post-treatment & final patient-reported outcome measures. To compare the outcomes of TJM and sham manipulation on the TrA muscle thickness, a 2-by-2 analysis of variance (treatment [TJM and sham manipulation]) by time (pretreatment and post-treatment) was completed for both the TrA muscle thickness at rest and muscle thickness during contraction. Descriptive statistics including independent-sample t tests for continuous variables and χ2 tests for categorical variables were used to analyze differences in patient-reported outcome measures between groups. Results: Sixty-seven eligible participants agreed to participate. No significant interactions were identified for either muscle thickness at rest or contraction. Conclusion: This study did not support the hypothesis that manipulation would result in greater changes in TrA thickness at rest or during contraction in participants with low back pain. Based on prior research that identified subgroups of participants likely to respond to manipulation, future research should include participants more likely to respond favorably to TJM. This study was a priori registered with clinicaltrails.gov (NCT02558855).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-355
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Abdominal Muscles
  • Low Back Pain
  • Lumbar Vertebrae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chiropractics

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