The dynamic Jahn-Teller effect in sym-triazine: Nonadiabatic wave functions and hindered fluxionality

Robert L. Whetten, Kenneth S. Haber, Edward R. Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


The complex vibronic structure resolved in the two-photon absorption spectrum of the 3s 1E' Rydberg state of sym-triazine is quantitatively assigned in terms of a simple Jahn-Teller two-state electronic Hamiltonian coupled to second order by a single active mode, ν6. For Jahn-Teller linear and quadratic terms, k = 2.14, and g = 0.046 (in units of the zeroth-order frequency), eigenvalues of this Hamiltonian fit positions and splittings of more than 25 measured bands to within an average deviation of 0.5%. Eigenvectors show evidence of strong mixings of adiabatic states and of linear Jahn-Teller wave functions by quadratic (localization) effects, both of which are confirmed by quantitative agreement between measured and calculated band intensities. Adiabatic potential energy surfaces are calculated, and exact nonadiabatic quantum mechanical results are compared with various levels of approximation. This comparison shows that the simple model of an adiabatic free rotor/radial oscillator serves well to qualitatively describe the structure and dynamics of the lowest few states. Lower surface adiabatic Born-Oppenheimer (or Born-Huang) calculations also give a good approximate account of energy level structure for these deep states. Interestingly, compared with exact results, wave functions of the adiabatic approximations appear to underestimate potential-energy localization of nuclear density over surface depressions, and overestimate above barrier reflection. Cone resonances are identified for high energy states of triazine's linear coupling parameters but it is shown that higher order coupling tends to disrupt such localizations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1270-1284
Number of pages15
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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