The distribution of plantar pressures in American Indians with diabetes mellitus.

T. G. McPoil, W. Yamada, W. Smith, M. Cornwall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The primary purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude and duration of plantar pressures acting on the feet of American Indians with diabetes mellitus. A secondary purpose was to determine whether differences in the range of motion of the ankle and first metatarsophalangeal joints existed between American Indians with and without diabetes. Three groups of American Indian subjects were tested: a control group (n = 20); a group with diabetes but no peripheral neuropathy (n = 24); and a group with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy (n = 21). A floor-mounted pressure sensor platform was used to collect plantar pressure data while subjects walked barefoot. The results indicated that American Indians with diabetes have 1) a pattern of peak plantar pressure similar to patterns previously reported for non-American Indians with diabetes and 2) a reduction in ankle and first metatarsophalangeal joint range of motion in comparison with nondiabetic American Indians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)280-287
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Podiatry
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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