The Bordetella type III secretion system effector BteA contains a conserved N-terminal motif that guides bacterial virulence factors to lipid rafts

Christopher T. French, Ekaterina M. Panina, Sylvia H. Yeh, Natasha Griffith, Diego G. Arambulal, Jeff F. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Bordetella type III secretion system (T3SS) effector protein BteA is necessary and sufficient for rapid cytotoxicity in a wide range of mammalian cells. We show that BteA is highly conserved and functionally interchangeable between Bordetella bronchiseptica, Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis. The identification of BteA sequences required for cytotoxicity allowed the construction of non-cytotoxic mutants for localization studies. BteA derivatives were targeted to lipid rafts and showed clear colocalization with cortical actin, ezrin and the lipid raft marker GM1. We hypothesized that BteA associates with the cytoplasmic face of lipid rafts to locally modulate host cell responses to Bordetella attachment. B. bronchiseptica adhered to host cells almost exclusively to GM1-enriched lipid raft microdomains and BteA colocalized to these same sites following T3SSmediated translocation. Disruption of lipid rafts with methyl-b-cyclodextrin protected cells from T3SS-induced cytotoxicity. Localization to lipid rafts was mediated by a 130-amino-acid lipid raft targeting domain at the N-terminus of BteA, and homologous domains were identified in virulence factors from other bacterial species. Lipid raft targeting sequences from a T3SS effector (Plu4750) and an RTX-type toxin (Plu3217) from Photorhabdus luminescens directed fusion proteins to lipid rafts in a manner identical to the N-terminus of BteA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1735-1749
Number of pages15
JournalCellular Microbiology
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Virology

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