The bacterial communities of Alaskan mosses and their contributions to N2-fixation

Hannah Holland-Moritz, Julia E.M. Stuart, Lily R. Lewis, Samantha N. Miller, Michelle C. Mack, Jose Miguel Ponciano, Stuart F. McDaniel, Noah Fierer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Mosses in high-latitude ecosystems harbor diverse bacterial taxa, including N2-fixers which are key contributors to nitrogen dynamics in these systems. Yet the relative importance of moss host species, and environmental factors, in structuring these microbial communities and their N2-fixing potential remains unclear. We studied 26 boreal and tundra moss species across 24 sites in Alaska, USA, from 61 to 69° N. We used cultivation-independent approaches to characterize the variation in moss-associated bacterial communities as a function of host species identity and site characteristics. We also measured N2-fixation rates via 15N2 isotopic enrichment and identified potential N2-fixing bacteria using available literature and genomic information. Results: Host species identity and host evolutionary history were both highly predictive of moss microbiome composition, highlighting strong phylogenetic coherence in these microbial communities. Although less important, light availability and temperature also influenced composition of the moss microbiome. Finally, we identified putative N2-fixing bacteria specific to some moss hosts, including potential N2-fixing bacteria outside well-studied cyanobacterial clades. Conclusions: The strong effect of host identity on moss-associated bacterial communities demonstrates mosses’ utility for understanding plant-microbe interactions in non-leguminous systems. Our work also highlights the likely importance of novel bacterial taxa to N2-fixation in high-latitude ecosystems. [MediaObject not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number53
JournalMicrobiome
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Bryophytes
  • Nitrogen fixation
  • Phyllosphere
  • Plant microbiome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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