Temperature effect on the synthesis of Au-Pt bimetallic nanoparticles

Domingo I. Garcia-Gutierrez, Claudia E. Gutierrez-Wing, Lisandro Giovanetti, José M. Ramallo-López, Félix G. Requejo, Miguel Jose-Yacaman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pt-Au bimetallic nanoparticles have been synthesized by the polyol method and stabilized with poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP), modifying the temperature of synthesis. Interesting structure changes were observed in the nanoparticles as the temperature was varied. At lower temperatures no bimetallic nanoparticles were detected, but as the temperature increased bimetallic nanoparticles started to appear, commonly obtaining core-shell nanoparticles, always covered by the polymer. This originates the modification of the optical response of the system in the UV-visible region. An absorption peak centered at 520 nm at low temperatures was observed (100-110 °C); at higher temperatures (130-170 °C) there were non detectable absorption peaks, and finally at the two highest temperatures (180-190 °C) the reappearance of an absorption feature centered at 510 nm was noticed. These UV-visible results indirectly imply the composition of the surface of the particle. The structure of the particles has been determined using transmission electron microscopy and high-angle annular dark field (HAADF), the latter being a powerful technique to determine the structural composition of the particles and allowing a direct correlation of the optical response with their structural composition. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) studies were also performed on the samples and their results support the idea of a Pt core-Au shell structure with the elements segregated from each other. The combination of these experimental techniques with calculated UV-vis absorption spectra allowed, in a reliable way, the elucidation of the nanoparticles structure and elemental distribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3813-3821
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume109
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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