Surface temperature retrieval in a temperate grassland with multiresolution sensors

S. J. Goetz, R. N. Halthore, F. G. Hall, B. L. Markham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


Radiometric surface temperatures retrieved at various spatial resolutions from aircraft and satellite measurements were compared with near-surface temperature measurements to determine the accuracy of the retrieval techniques and consistency between the various sensors. Atmospheric characterizations based on local radiosonde profiles of temperature, pressure, and water vapor were used with the LOWTRAN-7 and MODTRAN atmospheric radiance models to correct measured thermal radiances of water and grassland targets for atmospheric attenuation. Comparison of retrieved surface temperatures from a helicopter-mounted modular multispectral radiometer (MMR), C-130 mounted thematic mapper simulator (TMS) and the Landsat 5 thematic mapper (TM) was done. Differences between atmospherically corrected radiative temperatures and near-surface measurements ranged from less than 1°C to more than 8°C. The Landsat 5 TM systematically overestimated surface temperature in all cases. This result has been noted previously but not consistently. On the basis of the results reported here, surface measurements were used to provide a calibration of the TM thermal channel. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25,397-25,410
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Issue numberD12
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology


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