Software platforms for smart cities: Concepts, requirements, challenges, and a unified reference architecture

Eduardo Felipe Zambom Santana, Ana Paula Chaves, Marco Aurelio Gerosa, Fabio Kon, Dejan S. Milojicic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

172 Scopus citations


Information and communication technologies (ICT) can be instrumental in progressing towards smarter city environments, which improve city services, sustainability, and citizens' quality of life. Smart City software platforms can support the development and integration of Smart City applications. However, the ICT community must overcome current technological and scientific challenges before these platforms can be widely adopted. This article surveys the state of the art in software platforms for Smart Cities. We analyzed 23 projects concerning the most used enabling technologies, as well as functional and non-functional requirements, classifying them into four categories: Cyber-Physical Systems, Internet of Things, Big Data, and Cloud Computing. Based on these results, we derived a reference architecture to guide the development of nextgeneration software platforms for Smart Cities. Finally, we enumerated the most frequently cited open research hallenges and discussed future opportunities. This survey provides important references to help application developers, city managers, system operators, end-users, and Smart City researchers make project, investment, and research decisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbera78
JournalACM Computing Surveys
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Software platforms
  • Wireless sensor networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Software platforms for smart cities: Concepts, requirements, challenges, and a unified reference architecture'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this