Socioeconomic Status and Cardiovascular Disease

Linda C. Gallo, Steven D. Barger, Addie L. Fortmann, Smriti Shivpuri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Substantial research suggests that individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) are at elevated risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. The current chapter focuses on the relationship between SES and CVD and the antecedents of this association. First, the article discusses issues in conceptualization and measurement of SES in CVD research. Second, the literature concerning SES and CVD is summarized, drawing substantially on available resources and comprehensive reviews while highlighting notable recent and novel studies. Several factors viewed as key determinants of SES-related disparities in CVD are then discussed, including upstream, structural/material and environmental influences, biobehavioral pathways, and psychosocial risk processes. Finally, in this context, the chapter addresses how information regarding each candidate pathway can be conveyed into prevention and intervention programs to reduce or eliminate SES-related CVD disparities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Cardiovascular Behavioral Medicine
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages33
ISBN (Electronic)9780387859606
ISBN (Print)9780387859590
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Social status
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology
  • General Medicine


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