The effects of social roles on women's well-being are explored in an analysis which incorporates social support and self-esteem as intervening variables. The impact of roles on well-being is expected to occur primarily through these intervening variables. An analysis of a national sample of adult women reveals that the only social roles to impact well-being through effects on social support or self-esteem are employment and parenthood. Results indicate that parenthood has a weak positive effect on support and marriage reduces levels of distress. Employment does not enhance well-being via social support but does have a positive effect on self-esteem. Community programs which encourage social participation and which involve esteem enhancing activities are recommended.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Psychiatry and Mental health