Shape- And Material-Dependent Self-Propulsion of Photocatalytic Active Colloids, Interfacial Effects, and Dynamic Interparticle Interactions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Active colloids powered by self-generated, local chemical concentration gradients exhibit dynamics that are a function of the particles' morphology and material properties. These characteristics also govern how the active colloids interact with surfaces, including other particles and nearby walls. Thus, by targeted design, the dynamic behavior, on average, can be engineered, despite a lack of "external"control such as an applied magnetic field. This allows for the development of new applications and the investigation of novel effects that arise when self-propelled active colloids have complex shapes and material composition. Here, we explore some of our recent work on this topic including the dynamics and interactions of photoactivated, self-propelled colloids with such multifaceted properties. We also delve into some special cases, such as a new variety of active particle-particle interaction that we recently developed, in which direct contact between the active colloids is forbidden, and the direction of propulsion for pairs of particles is correlated. The unifying theme of the work highlighted herein is the relationship between the physical, chemical, and material properties of active colloids and their motive behavior, the understanding of which opens up a wide range of new possibilities as we move toward the ultimate goal of realizing functional, man-made micro- and nanomachinery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6938-6947
Number of pages10
JournalLangmuir
Volume36
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 30 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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