Role of the MexXY multidrug efflux pump in moderate aminoglycoside resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from Pseudomonas mastitis

Rungtip Chuanchuen, Wechsiri Wannaprasat, Kittisak Ajariyakhajorn, Herbert P. Schweizer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The contribution of the MexXY multidrug efflux system to aminoglycoside resistance was investigated in 18 clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa obtained from dairy cows with Pseudomonas mastitis. All of the isolates expressed MexXY as determined by reverse transcription-PCR. The loss of mexXY resulted in increased susceptibility (two- to 16-fold decline inMIC) to aminoglycosides, confirming the contribution of this system in aminoglycoside resistance in these strains. As the impact of Delta;mexXY varied, overexpression of MexXY alone is not sufficient for aminoglycoside resistance. Expression of mexXY also varied and did not strictly correlate with aminoglycoside insusceptibility. Transcription levels of mexY were independent onmutations in mexZ, suggesting the existence of additional regulatory mechanisms other than mexZ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)392-398
Number of pages7
JournalMicrobiology and Immunology
Volume52
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aminoglycoside resistance
  • Bovine mastitis
  • mexXY
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Virology

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