The operons of the glp regulon encoding the glycerol metabolic enzymes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were hitherto believed to be positively regulated by the product of the glpR regulatory gene. During nucleotide sequence analysis of the region located upstream of the previously characterized glpD gene, encoding sn-glycerol-3.phosphate dehydrogenase, an open reading frame (glpR) was identified which encodes a protein of 251 amino acids that is 59% identical to the Glp repressor from Escherichia coli and could be expressed as a 28-kDa protein in a T7 expression system. Inactivation of chromosomal glpR by gene replacement resulted in constitutive expression of glycerol transport activity and glpD activity. These activities were strongly repressed alter introduction of a multicopy plasmid containing the glpR gene; the same plasmid also efficiently repressed expression of a glpT-lacZ+ transcriptional fusion in an E. coli glpR mutant. Analysis of the glpD and glpF upstream region identified conserved palindromic sequences which were 70% identical to the E. coli glp operator consensus sequence. The results suggest that the operons of the glp regulon in P. aeruginosa are negatively regulated by the action of a glp repressor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology