REDUCING PMTCT ATTRITION: PERSPECTIVES OF HIV+ WOMEN ON THE PREVENTION OF MOTHER-TO-CHILD HIV SERVICES IN ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA

Kimberly Klaus, Julie Baldwin, Ricardo Izurieta, Eknath Naik, Assefa Seme, Jaime Corvin, Abiy Hiruye, Fikre Enquselassie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Only 41% of eligible Ethiopian women completed (PMTCT) therapy in 2012, with MTCT rate of 20%.

OBJECTIVE: This study elicited the perspectives of HIV positive mothers on the situation and the unique beliefs, attitudes, cultural norms and individuals who have influence over them during their pregnancy.

METHODS: The mixed-methods parent study included community level surveys, focus groups and in-depth individual interviews of HIV positive women with a child at least one year of age in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: only focus group and interview data are presented here. All tools were completed in Amharic with English translation.

RESULTS: 23 women completed in-depth interviews; 27 participated within 4 focus groups. The greatest barriers to PMTCT completion were: feelings of hopelessness and carelessness, lack of understanding of the efficacy of ARV, and negative religious influences. The advice to improve PMTCT adherence most frequently offered included increasing PLWHIV peer support and improving and extending current HIV educational efforts. Participants recommended that PLWHIV mothers be utilized in all PMTCT planning and interventions in the future.

CONCLUSION: Maintaining the motivation to adhere to the entire PMTCT cascade requires that a PLWHIV mother understands the validity of the steps she is taking and receives support for the many challenges she faces. Engaging PLWHIV peers as active members of the health care workforce and expanding their use as educators and counselors is important. Health officials can consider these findings to develop innovative and effective PMTCT interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-104
Number of pages14
JournalEthiopian Medical Journal
Volume53
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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