Production of routines in L2 English: Effect of proficiency and study-abroad experience

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


This preliminary study examined the effect of proficiency and study abroad experience on L2 learners' ability to produce routines. Participants were 64 Japanese students in an English-medium university in Japan. They were divided into three groups: Group 1 had lower proficiency with no study abroad experience, Group 2 had higher proficiency but no study abroad experience, and Group 3 had higher proficiency with study abroad experience. They completed an oral discourse completion test involving four situations that elicited routines. Participants' performance was evaluated based on three aspects: appropriateness (rated by native speakers), planning time, and speech rate. Results revealed a significant effect of proficiency combined with study abroad experience on all three aspects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-121
Number of pages13
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Appropriateness
  • Formulaic expressions
  • Interlanguage pragmatics
  • Oral fluency
  • Planning time
  • Pragmatic competence
  • Routines
  • Speech rate
  • Study abroad

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Education
  • Linguistics and Language


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