Analysis of the streptomycin resistant mutants recovered from control and N-methyl-N′-nitro-N-nitrosoguanadine (MNNG) treated haploid cultures of C. reinhardtii reveal that approximately 60% of the mutants are of the sr-1 type known to show Mendelian inheritance while 40% are of the sr-2 and sm-3 types known to be inherited in a uniparental (UP) manner. In contrast, most if not all streptomycin mutants recovered from similarly treated diploid cultures of C. reinhardtii are of the UP variety. Failure to recover sr-1 mutants from the diploid stock is explained by our findings that diploids heterozygous for Mendelian streptomycin resistance (sr-1/sr-1+) are both stable and sensitive to streptomycin. Efficient recovery of UP streptomycin resistant mutants from diploids can be explained by the observations of Gillham (1963a, 1969) which demonstrate that diploids heterozygous for an sr-2 mutation (sr-2/sr-2+) segregate resistant and sensitive progeny during mitotic cell division. The utility of diploids for isolating new UP mutant genotypes, for establishing the cellular localization of the UP genome(s), and for characterizing the rules governing UP gene segregation is discussed.
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