Place and time adverbials in native and non-native English student writing

William J. Crawford

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


This chapter builds on previous research that has established the spoken nature of learner writing by providing quantitative and qualitative accounts of time and place adverbs of student writing in comparison to published academic English writing and native English conversation. The chapter shows that the frequency differences among learner groups are not nearly as great as the frequency differences between student writing and conversation. The qualitative analyses point to some L1-L2 differences, particularly with respect to here. The other most pronounced differences were not found as L1-L2 differences but instead showed evidence of divergence due to language background.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCorpora and Discourse. The challenges of different settings
EditorsAnnelie Adel, Randi Reppen
PublisherJohn Benjamins Publishing Company
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9789027290458
StatePublished - 2008

Publication series

NameStudies in Corpus Linguistics
ISSN (Print)1388-0373

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Education
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


Dive into the research topics of 'Place and time adverbials in native and non-native English student writing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this