Physical function and activity among older adults in Jodhpur, India

Tyler M. Barrett, Melissa A. Liebert, Joshua M. Schrock, Tara J. Cepon-Robins, Arvind Mathur, Harish Agarwal, Paul Kowal, J. Josh Snodgrass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Physical activity impacts the ageing process; yet, few studies have examined relationships among physical activity, functional abilities and health among older adults in non-Western settings. Aim: This study tests for associations among measures of physical activity, function and self-report health conditions among 200 older adults (49--50 years old) in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. Methods: Seven consecutive days of accelerometry data were used in measures of physical activity (Total Daily Energy Expenditure [TDEE], Physical Activity Level [PAL], Daily Average Activity Count [AC] and Activity Energy Expenditure [AEE]). Measures of physical function included grip strength, timed walk and daily average sit time. Participants reported if they had been diagnosed with diabetes, hypertension, arthritis and/or depression. Results: All four measures of physical activity were positively associated with grip strength (p ≤ 0.05). AC was negatively associated with timed walk (p ≤ 0.05), and both AC and AEE were negatively associated with daily average sit time (p ≤ 0.05). Women who reported diagnosis of hypertension had lower PAL and AC (p ≤ 0.05). Conclusion: This study provides further evidence for a positive relationship between physical activity and functional ability among older adults and between physical activity and cardiovascular health among women in India.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)488-491
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Human Biology
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Accelerometry
  • ageing
  • older adults
  • physical activity
  • SAGE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Physiology
  • Aging
  • Genetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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