Photonic circuits for laser stabilization with integrated ultra-high Q and Brillouin laser resonators

Kaikai Liu, John H. Dallyn, Grant M. Brodnik, Andrei Isichenko, Mark W. Harrington, Nitesh Chauhan, Debapam Bose, Paul A. Morton, Scott B. Papp, Ryan O. Behunin, Daniel J. Blumenthal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The integration of stabilized lasers, sources that generate spectrally pure light, will provide compact, low-cost solutions for applications including quantum information sciences, precision navigation and timing, metrology, and high-capacity fiber communications. We report a significant advancement in this field, demonstrating stabilization of an integrated waveguide Brillouin laser to an integrated waveguide reference cavity, where both resonators are fabricated using the same CMOS-compatible integration platform. We demonstrate reduction of the free running Brillouin laser linewidth to a 292 Hz integral linewidth and carrier stabilization to a 4.9 × 10-13 fractional frequency at 8 ms reaching the cavity-intrinsic thermorefractive noise limit for frequencies down to 80 Hz. We achieve this level of performance using a pair of 56.4 × 106 quality factor Si3N4 waveguide ring-resonators that reduce the high-frequency noise by the nonlinear Brillouin process and the low-frequency noise by Pound-Drever-Hall locking to the ultra-low loss resonator. These results represent an important step toward integrated stabilized lasers with reduced sensitivity to environmental disturbances for atomic, molecular, and optical physics (AMO), quantum information processing and sensing, and other precision scientific, sensing, and communications applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number096104
JournalAPL Photonics
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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