Parameter calibration in global soil carbon models using surrogate-based optimization

Haoyu Xu, Tao Zhang, Yiqi Luo, Xin Huang, Wei Xue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Soil organic carbon (SOC) has a significant effect on carbon emissions and climate change. However, the current SOC prediction accuracy of most models is very low. Most evaluation studies indicate that the prediction error mainly comes from parameter uncertainties, which can be improved by parameter calibration. Data assimilation techniques have been successfully employed for the parameter calibration of SOC models. However, data assimilation algorithms, such as the sampling-based Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC), generally have high computation costs and are not appropriate for complex global land models. This study proposes a new parameter calibration method based on surrogate optimization techniques to improve the prediction accuracy of SOC. Experiments on three types of soil carbon cycle models, including the Community Land Model with the Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach biogeochemistry submodel (CLM-CASA') and two microbial models show that the surrogate-based optimization method is effective and efficient in terms of both accuracy and cost. Compared to predictions using the tuned parameter values through Bayesian MCMC, the root mean squared errors (RMSEs) between the predictions using the calibrated parameter values with surrogate-base optimization and the observations could be reduced by up to 12% for different SOC models. Meanwhile, the corresponding computational cost is lower than other global optimization algorithms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3027-3044
Number of pages18
JournalGeoscientific Model Development
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 27 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'Parameter calibration in global soil carbon models using surrogate-based optimization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this