Overconsumption as ideology implications for addressing global climate change

Diana Stuart, Ryan Gunderson, Brian Petersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


In response to climate change projections, scientists and concerned citizens are increasingly calling for changes in personal consumption. However, these calls ignore the true relationship between production and consumption and the ongoing propagation of the ideology of overconsumption. In this article, we draw from Western Marxist theorists to explain the ideology of overconsumption and its implications for addressing global climate change. Drawing from Herbert Marcuse and Guy Debord, we illustrate how production drives consumption, how advertising promotes false needs and excess, how these power relations are concealed, and how they undermine social and ecological well-being. Specific to climate change, continued widespread support for increasing levels of production and economic growth will undermine efforts to reduce carbon emissions and limit global warming. Given the relationships between production and carbon emissions, effective mitigation efforts will require significant systemic changes in work, production, consumption, advertising, and social norms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number0205
Pages (from-to)199-223
Number of pages25
JournalNature and Culture
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020


  • Advertising
  • Climate change
  • Consumption
  • Degrowth
  • Economic growth
  • Production
  • Work

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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