Other gram-negative bacteria acinetobacter, burkholderia, and moraxella

Rebecca E. Colman, Jason W. Sahl

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Gram-negative bacteria do not retain the crystal violet stain during classical Gram staining methods to differentiate between bacterial pathogens. Gram-negative bacteria do not follow a monophyletic, phylogenetic pattern, and thus, the designation is primarily of importance in the determination of which antimicrobial to use when treating bacterial infections. For example, the gram-negative outer cell membrane makes them resistant to several classes of antibiotics. This chapter briefly discusses species of the following gram-negative genera in the phylum Proteobacteria: Acinetobacter, Burkholderia, and Moraxella.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPractical Handbook of Microbiology, Third Edition
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781466587403
ISBN (Print)9781466587397
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology


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