Opportunity costs of implementing forest plans

Bruce Fox, Mary Anne Keller, Andrew J. Schlosberg, James E. Vlahovich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Intellectual concern with the National Forest Management Act of 1976 has followed a course emphasizing the planning aspects of the legislation associated with the development of forest plans. Once approved, however, forest plans must be implemented. Due to the complex nature of the ecological systems of interest, and the multiple and often conflicting desires of user clientele groups, the feasibility and costs of implementing forest plans require immediate investigation. For one timber sale on the Coconino National Forest in Arizona, forest plan constraints were applied and resulting resource outputs predicted using the terrestrial ecosystem analysis and modeling system (TEAMS), a computer-based decision support system developed at the School of Forestry, Northern Arizona University, With forest plan constraints for wildlife habitat, visual diversity, riparian area protection, and soil and slope harvesting restrictions, the maximum timber harvest obtainable was reduced 58% from the maximum obtainable without plan constraints.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-84
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Management
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1989


  • Computer modeling
  • Decision support systems
  • Forest Service
  • Forest plans
  • National Forest Management Act
  • Planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Ecology
  • Pollution


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