North America: Pueblos

Kelley Hays-Gilpin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The archaeology of Pueblo religions connects material evidence for ritual practice with ethnography and ethnohistory. Pueblo people still live where their ancestors did when Spanish explorers first entered what is now the Southwestern United States in 1540, and traditional religions are still practiced. Archaeological evidence suggests that Pueblo religion emerged around ad 600 as kin-group-based ritual practice focused on maize agriculture; experienced regional differentiation over the next 800 years; and coalesced in elaborate calendars of labor-intensive sequences of ritual performances by ad 1400. This article discusses the diverse Pueblo community histories and archaeological affiliations; basketmaker beginnings; kivas, kin, and ritual sodalities; the Chaco rituality, migration and reorganization, regional iconographies; katsinas, calendars, and conflict; and missions, revolt, and renewal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Ritual and Religion
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780191743450
ISBN (Print)9780199232444
StatePublished - Sep 18 2012


  • Archaeology
  • Pueblo communities
  • Religion
  • Rituals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Arts and Humanities
  • General Social Sciences


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