No time for smokescreen skepticism: A rejoinder to Shani and Arad

C. Michael Hall, Bas Amelung, Scott Cohen, Eke Eijgelaar, Stefan Gössling, James Higham, Rik Leemans, Paul Peeters, Yael Ram, Daniel Scott, Carlo Aall, Bruno Abegg, Jorge E. Araña, Stewart Barr, Susanne Becken, Ralf Buckley, Peter Burns, Tim Coles, Jackie Dawson, Rouven DoranGhislain Dubois, David Timothy Duval, David Fennell, Alison M. Gill, Martin Gren, Werner Gronau, Jo Guiver, Debbie Hopkins, Edward H. Huijbens, Ko Koens, Machiel Lamers, Christopher Lemieux, Alan Lew, Patrick Long, Frans W. Melissen, Jeroen Nawijn, Sarah Nicholls, Jan Henrik Nilsson, Robin Nunkoo, Alan Pomering, Arianne C. Reis, Dirk Reiser, Robert B. Richardson, Christian M. Rogerson, Jarkko Saarinen, Anna Dóra Sæórsdóttir, Robert Steiger, Paul Upham, Sander van der Linden, Gustav Visser, Geoffrey Wall, David Weaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Shani and Arad (2014) claimed that tourism scholars tend to endorse the most pessimistic assessments regarding climate change, and that anthropogenic climate change was a "fashionable" and "highly controversial scientific topic". This brief rejoinder provides the balance that is missing from such climate change denial and skepticism studies on climate change and tourism. Recent research provides substantial evidence that reports on anthropogenic climate change are accurate, and that human-induced greenhouse gas emissions, including from the tourism industry, play a significant role in climate change. Some positive net effects may be experienced by some destinations in the short-term, but in the long-term all elements of the tourism system will be impacted. The expansion of tourism emissions at a rate greater than efficiency gains means that it is increasingly urgent that the tourism sector acknowledge, accept and respond to climate change. Debate on tourism-related adaptation and mitigation measures is to be encouraged and welcomed. Climate change denial is not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-347
Number of pages7
JournalTourism Management
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015


  • Agnotology
  • Climate change
  • Denial
  • Global warming
  • Skepticism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Transportation
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
  • Strategy and Management


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