LOWLAND MAYA GENESIS: The LATE ARCHAIC to LATE EARLY FORMATIVE TRANSITION in the UPPER BELIZE RIVER VALLEY

Jaime J. Awe, Claire E. Ebert, W. James Stemp, M. Kathryn Brown, Lauren A. Sullivan, James F. Garber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The transition from the Late Archaic to the Late Early Formative period witnessed profound changes in the Maya lowlands. In addition to the establishment of the first settlements and agrarian communities, this critical phase of cultural development heralded the introduction of ceramics, saw changes in lithic technology, gave rise to inter-regional trade and exchange, and witnessed the introduction of a complex symbolic system expressed on portable objects. In this article, we synthesize data collected over the past several decades by various archaeological projects in western Belize to provide an overview of the cultural changes that unfolded during the Late Archaic to Late Early Formative period in the Upper Belize River Valley. We also provide evidence indicating that it was during this critical transitional period that we begin to see the establishment of several cultural traditions that became uniquely lowland Maya.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519-544
Number of pages26
JournalAncient Mesoamerica
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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