Linguistic human rights and language revitalization in the USA and Canada

Tove Skutnabb-Kangas, Andrea Bear Nicholas, Jon Reyhner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Scopus citations


Linguistic Human Rights (LHRs), especially in education, are one of the most necessary (but not sufficient) prerequisites for the maintenance of the world’s Indigenous/tribal, minority and minoritized (hereafter ITM) languages and communities. An unconditional right to mother tongue-based bi/multilingual education in non-fee (public) state schools is the most important LHR if ITM languages and communities are not to remain seriously endangered. All Indigenous/tribal/First Nations languages in North America, with the possible exception of Inuit in Kalaallit Nunaat/Greenland, are endangered and in need of revitalization. For them, education using the ITM children’s ancestors’ mother tongues in Indigenous revitalization immersion programs should be a linguistic human right (see SkutnabbKangas & McCarty, 2008, for definitions).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIndigenous Language Revitalization in the Americas
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9781135092351
ISBN (Print)9780415810814
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences
  • General Arts and Humanities


Dive into the research topics of 'Linguistic human rights and language revitalization in the USA and Canada'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this