Lagrangian wall shear stress structures and near-wall transport in high-Schmidt-number aneurysmal flows

Amirhossein Arzani, Alberto M. Gambaruto, Guoning Chen, Shawn C. Shadden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

The wall shear stress (WSS) vector field provides a signature for near-wall convective transport, and can be scaled to obtain a first-order approximation of the near-wall fluid velocity. The near-wall flow field governs mass transfer problems in convection-dominated open flows with high Schmidt number, in which case a flux at the wall will lead to a thin concentration boundary layer. Such near-wall transport is of particular interest in cardiovascular flows whereby haemodynamics can initiate and progress biological events at the vessel wall. In this study we consider mass transfer processes in pulsatile blood flow of abdominal aortic aneurysms resulting from complex WSS patterns. Specifically, the Lagrangian surface transport of a species released at the vessel wall was advected in forward and backward time based on the near-wall velocity field. Exposure time and residence time measures were defined to quantify accumulation of trajectories, as well as the time required to escape the near-wall domain. The effect of diffusion and normal velocity was investigated. The trajectories induced by the WSS vector field were observed to form attracting and repelling coherent structures that delineated species distribution inside the boundary layer consistent with exposure and residence time measures. The results indicate that Lagrangian WSS structures can provide a template for near-wall transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-172
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Volume790
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biological fluid dynamics
  • blood flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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