Disclosed herein is a method to obtain the ∼300 kDa gold-hexanethiolate compound, extracted from the Faradaurate series of smaller (3) and larger (1) homologues, thereby permitting the first measurement of its distinctive properties by methods including mass spectrometry, optical spectroscopy, electron microscopy, X-ray scattering, and diffraction. The results suggest a monocrystalline metallic core (free of twinning planes) of ∼3.1 nm minimum dimension, which supports a clear plasmonic optical response, along with a diffuse exterior shell. An idealized model to account for this (and smaller) members of the series is proposed based on the completion of a convex core of regular truncated-octahedral (TO) morphology, that is, the TO (5,5) crystallite comprising 1289 sites. The diffuse layer may comprise the 240 S sites (thiolate sulfur headgroups) and 96 Au-adatom sites, giving a total composition (1385,240) and a molar mass of ∼301.0 kDa (90.7% Au). The ∼300 and ∼400 kDa gold compounds contain Au∼1400 and Au∼2000 atoms, respectively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry