Integration-proficient plasmids for Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Site- specific integration and use for engineering of reporter and expression strains

Tung T. Hoang, Alecks J. Kutchma, Anna Becher, Herbert P. Schweizer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

396 Scopus citations


An improved method for integration of exogenous DNA fragments at a defined site within the genome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was developed. The method relies on two integration-proficient vectors, mini-CTX1 and mini-CTX2. These two vectors contain (1) a tetracycline (tet) selectable marker, (2) an oriT for conjugation-mediated plasmid transfer, (3) the pMB1-derived origin of replication, (4) a modified φCTX integrase (int) gene, (5) a versatile multiple cloning site (MCS) flanked by T4 transcriptional termination sequences (Ω elements), and (6) the φCTX attachment site. The MCS and Ω elements are flanked by yeast Flp recombinase target sites that allow in vivo excision of unwanted plasmid backbone sequences, including tet and int, from the genome of integrants by Flp recombinase. In the mini-CTX2 vector int transcription is driven from the strong trc promoter, which is regulated by the Lac repressor that is encoded by lacI(q) also contained on the plasmid. Upon conjugal transfer, mini-CTX1 and mini-CTX2 integrated at frequencies of 10-8 and 10-7, respectively. The usefulness of the integration vectors for gene fusion analyses was demonstrated by chromosomal insertion of autoinducer (AI)-regulated lasB-lacZ and rhlA-lacZ fusions into wild-type and AI synthase mutants. In wild-type, the fusions responded in a cell density- dependent manner and expression of both fusions was either greatly reduced or abolished in AI synthase mutants. Finally, an expression cassette containing the T7 polymerase gene under Lac repressor control was constructed, integrated into the P. aeruginosa chromosome, and used to express the hexahistidine-tagged P. aeruginosa AI synthase RhlI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-72
Number of pages14
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Flp recombinase
  • GFP
  • Integration
  • P. aeruginosa
  • Phage CTX
  • β-galactosidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology


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