Integrating standing value estimations into tree marking guidelines to meet wood supply objectives

Filip Havreljuk, Alexis Achim, David Auty, Steve Bédard, David Pothier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


The identification of low-vigor trees with potential for sawlog production is a key objective of tree marking guidelines used for partial cuts in northern hardwoods. The aim of this study was to measure the impact of various vigor-related defects on the monetary value of hardwoods. To achieve this, we sampled 64 sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marshall) and 32 yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis Britton) trees from two locations in southern Quebec, Canada. We identified over 420 defects, which were grouped into 8 categories. The trees were then harvested and processed into lumber, and the value per unit volume of each stem was calculated from the value of the product assortment (lumber, chips, and sawdust). We found that visible evidence of fungal infections (sporocarps and (or) stroma) and cracks had the largest negative influence on value in both species. A model that included these defects was almost as good at predicting value as one that included a specifically designed quality classification. A more accurate assessment of value could be achieved using wood decay assessment tools and (or) by considering site-specific variables. Results from this study showed that visual identification of fungal infections and cracks could be used to enhance tree marking guidelines for hardwoods. This would meet both the silvicultural objective of selection cuts, by removing low-vigor trees, and the wood supply objective, by improving stem quality assessment prior to harvest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)750-759
Number of pages10
JournalCanadian Journal of Forest Research
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Defects
  • Hardwoods
  • Tree marking
  • Tree quality
  • Tree vigor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Ecology


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