Integrating multi-fidelity blood flow data with reduced-order data assimilation

Milad Habibi, Roshan M. D'Souza, Scott T.M. Dawson, Amirhossein Arzani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


High-fidelity patient-specific modeling of cardiovascular flows and hemodynamics is challenging. Direct blood flow measurement inside the body with in-vivo measurement modalities such as 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging (4D flow MRI) suffer from low resolution and acquisition noise. In-vitro experimental modeling and patient-specific computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models are subject to uncertainty in patient-specific boundary conditions and model parameters. Furthermore, collecting blood flow data in the near-wall region (e.g., wall shear stress) with experimental measurement modalities poses additional challenges. In this study, a computationally efficient data assimilation method called reduced-order modeling Kalman filter (ROM-KF) was proposed, which combined a sequential Kalman filter with reduced-order modeling using a linear model provided by dynamic mode decomposition (DMD). The goal of ROM-KF was to overcome low resolution and noise in experimental and uncertainty in CFD modeling of cardiovascular flows. The accuracy of the method was assessed with 1D Womersley flow, 2D idealized aneurysm, and 3D patient-specific cerebral aneurysm models. Synthetic experimental data were used to enable direct quantification of errors using benchmark datasets. The accuracy of ROM-KF in reconstructing near-wall hemodynamics was assessed by applying the method to problems where near-wall blood flow data were missing in the experimental dataset. The ROM-KF method provided blood flow data that were more accurate than the computational and synthetic experimental datasets and improved near-wall hemodynamics quantification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104566
JournalComputers in Biology and Medicine
StatePublished - Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Aneurysm
  • Data-driven modeling
  • Hemodynamics
  • Kalman filter
  • Reduced-order modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications


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