Input and output grammar instruction in tutorial CALL with a complex grammatical structure

Joseph Collentine, Karina Collentine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Conceptual replication within a computer-assisted language learning (CALL) environment provides an understanding of the generalizability of second language acquisition (SLA) research (Porte, 2013; Smith & Schulze, 2013). The present study replicates Collentine (1998a), a classroom-based experiment framed within a larger discussion on the relative benefits of input-and output-based instruction. Collen-tine (1998a) compared the benefits of Processing Instruction (VanPatten, 2004) and output-based instruction, both of which elevated the Spanish subjunctive’s communicative value. The results showed that input-or output-oriented instruction informed by how learners process grammatical information can affect the acquisition of complex grammatical phenomena. This conceptual replication not only seeks to corroborate the original study’s findings in a new learning context. It also tests the finding’s generalizability to a tutorial CALL environment built on 3D simulations and emerging web-app technologies. The participants were foreign-language learners of Spanish in a classroom-based curriculum (N = 50). The results indicate that, in the classroom and in a CALL environment, both input-and output-oriented approaches can promote the acquisition of a complex grammatical structure if practice is meaningful (informed by psycholinguistic processing principles) and deliber-ate, and if feedback is provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-298
Number of pages26
JournalCALICO Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2015


  • 3D environment
  • Conceptual replication
  • Emerging technologies
  • Second language acquisition
  • Subjunctive
  • Tutorial CALL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Computer Science Applications


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