Influence of stroke-related impairments on performance in 6-minute walk test

Patricia S. Pohl, Pamela W. Duncan, Subashan Perera, Wen Liu, Sue Min Lai, Stephanie Studenski, Jason Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

140 Scopus citations


The 6-minute walk test is a clinical measure of endurance, but it is not known if it is useful for individuals with mobility impairments secondary to stroke. Purposes of this study were to assess which stroke-related physical impairments influence performance in the 6-minute walk test and to evaluate if this test provides a measure of functional walking endurance after stroke. Seventy-two adults poststroke completed the 6-minute walk as part of baseline testing for a randomized intervention clinical trial. Pulse and blood pressure were taken before and after the walk. Subjects walked an average of 216 m in 6 minutes. The Fugl-Meyer lower-limb motor score and the Berg Balance score explained 45 percent of the variance in distance walked. Pulse and systolic blood pressure increased significantly with the 6-minute walk. Neuromuscular impairments poststroke contribute to diminished performance in the 6-minute walk test. Pulse and blood pressure pre- and posttesting can indicate cardiovascular stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-444
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Cerebrovascular accident
  • Endurance
  • Gait

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation


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