Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS) have been used to determine the structural and electronic properties of thiol-passivated 29000 amu gold nanocrystals, both individually and in spontaneously formed quasi-two-dimensional arrays. Experiments were performed at temperatures of 300 K, 77 K, and 8 K. Even at room temperature, tunneling through these 1.7 nm nanocrystals is shown to give rise to a Coulomb blockade. At cryogenic temperatures, the spectroscopy of the nanocrystals in arrays and in isolation shows an incremental charging effect (the Coulomb staircase) and evidence is found for quantization of the electronic states.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics