Identification of genome-wide mutations in ciprofloxacin-resistant F. Tularensis LVS using whole genome tiling arrays and next generation sequencing

Crystal J. Jaing, Kevin S. McLoughlin, James B. Thissen, Adam Zemla, Shea N. Gardner, Lisa M. Vergez, Feliza Bourguet, Shalini Mabery, Viacheslav Y. Fofanov, Heather Koshinsky, Paul J. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Francisella tularensis is classified as a Class A bioterrorism agent by the U.S. government due to its high virulence and the ease with which it can be spread as an aerosol. It is a facultative intracellular pathogen and the causative agent of tularemia. Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) is a broad spectrum antibiotic effective against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Increased Cipro resistance in pathogenic microbes is of serious concern when considering options for medical treatment of bacterial infections. Identification of genes and loci that are associated with Ciprofloxacin resistance will help advance the understanding of resistance mechanisms and may, in the future, provide better treatment options for patients. It may also provide information for development of assays that can rapidly identify Cipro-resistant isolates of this pathogen. In this study, we selected a large number of F. tularensis live vaccine strain (LVS) isolates that survived in progressively higher Ciprofloxacin concentrations, screened the isolates using a whole genome F. tularensis LVS tiling microarray and Illumina sequencing, and identified both known and novel mutations associated with resistance. Genes containing mutations encode DNA gyrase subunit A, a hypothetical protein, an asparagine synthase, a sugar transamine/perosamine synthetase and others. Structural modeling performed on these proteins provides insights into the potential function of these proteins and how they might contribute to Cipro resistance mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0163458
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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