Highly Multiplexed Serology for Nonhuman Mammals

Alexa Schuettenberg, Alejandra Piña, Morgan Metrailer, Ronald Guillermo Peláez-Sánchez, Piedad Agudelo-Flórez, Juan Álvaro Lopez, Luke Ryle, Fernando P. Monroy, John A. Altin, Jason T. Ladner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Emerging infectious diseases represent a serious and ongoing threat to humans. Most emerging viruses are maintained in stable relationships with other species of animals, and their emergence within the human population results from cross-species transmission. Therefore, if we want to be prepared for the next emerging virus, we need to broadly characterize the diversity and ecology of viruses currently infecting other animals (i.e., the animal virosphere). High-throughput metagenomic sequencing has accelerated the pace of virus discovery. However, molecular assays can detect only active infections and only if virus is present within the sampled fluid or tissue at the time of collection. In contrast, serological assays measure long-lived antibody responses to infections, which can be detected within the blood, regardless of the infected tissues. Therefore, serological assays can provide a complementary approach for understanding the circulation of viruses, and while serological assays have historically been limited in scope, recent advancements allow thousands to hundreds of thousands of antigens to be assessed simultaneously using ,1 mL of blood (i.e., highly multiplexed serology). The application of highly multiplexed serology for the characterization of the animal virosphere is dependent on the availability of reagents that can be used to capture or label antibodies of interest. Here, we evaluate the utility of commercial immunoglobulin-binding proteins (protein A and protein G) to enable highly multiplexed serology in 25 species of nonhuman mammals, and we describe a competitive fluorescence-linked immunosorbent assay (FLISA) that can be used as an initial screen for choosing the most appropriate capture protein for a given host species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMicrobiology spectrum
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2022


  • PepSeq
  • aichivirus
  • antibodies
  • coronavirus
  • emerging viruses
  • erbovirus
  • highly multiplexed serology
  • mammals
  • pestiviruses
  • serology
  • virosphere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Ecology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • Genetics
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Infectious Diseases


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