Heat flux dispersion in natural convection in porous media

Peter Vadasz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Analytical solutions derived in this paper confirm the experimental and numerical results revealing a widespread dispersion of heat flux data in natural convection in porous media. The weak non-linear method of solution is used to evaluate the heat flux in a porous layer heated from below and subject to weak boundary and domain imperfections. Little attention has been paid so far to the effect that the lower branch of the imperfect bifurcation has on the average heat flux. The results presented in this paper demonstrate the latter effect and explain the reason behind the dispersion of data. The comparison of the results with existing experimental and numerical data confirms the findings. In addition the latter effect is shown to be essential in ones ability to control heat transfer enhancement via natural convection in porous metal foams, for example.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3394-3404
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number17-18
StatePublished - Sep 2010


  • Cusp catastrophe
  • Heat flux
  • Imperfect bifurcation
  • Natural convection
  • Nusselt number
  • Porous media

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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