Geometry and combinatorics of resonant weights

Michael Falk

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


Let A be an arrangement of n hyperplanes in ℂ. Let k be a field and A=⊕p=0 A p the Orlik-Solomon algebra of A over k. The p th resonance variety of A over k is the set Rp (A, k) of one-forms a∈A 1 annihilated by some b∈A p\(a). This notion arises naturally from consideration of cohomology of the rank-one local systems generated by single-valued branches of A-master functions Φa. For the most part we focus on the case p=1. We will describe the features of R 1 (A, k) for k = C and also for fields of positive characteristic, and their connections with other phenomena. We derive simple necessary and sufficient conditions for an element a to lie in R 1 (A, k), and consequently obtain a precise description of R 1 (A, k) as a ruled variety. We sketch the description of components of R 1 (A, C) in terms of multinets, and the related Ceva-type pencils of plane curves. We present examples over fields of positive characteristic showing that the ruling may be quite nontrivial. In particular, R 1 (A, k) need not be a union of linear varieties, in contrast to the characteristic-zero case. We also give an example for which components of R 1 (A, k) do not intersect trivially. We discuss the current state of the classification problem for Orlik-Solomon algebras, and the utility of resonance varieties in this context. Finally we sketch a relationship between one-forms a ∈ R p (A, k) and the critical loci of the corresponding master functions Φa. For p=1 we obtain a precise connection using the associated multinet and Ceva-type pencil.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProgress in Mathematics
PublisherSpringer Basel
Number of pages22
StatePublished - 2010

Publication series

NameProgress in Mathematics
ISSN (Print)0743-1643
ISSN (Electronic)2296-505X


  • Arrangement
  • Local system cohomology
  • Master function
  • Multinet
  • Net
  • Orlik-Solomon algebra
  • Pencil
  • Resonance variety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Algebra and Number Theory
  • Geometry and Topology


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