Burkholderia pseudomallei, the etiological agent of melioidosis, is a Gram-negative bacterium with additional concern as a biothreat pathogen. The mortality rate from B. pseudomallei varies depending on the type of infection and extent of available health care; in the case of septicemia, left untreated, it can range from 50% to 90%. Current therapy for melioidosis is biphasic, consisting of parenteral acute-phase treatment for 2 weeks or longer, followed by oral eradication-phase treatment lasting several months. An effective oral therapeutic for outpatient treatment of acute-phase melioidosis is needed. GC-072 is a potent, 4-oxoquinolizine antibiotic with selective inhibitory activity against bacterial topoisomerases. GC-072 has demonstrated in vitro potency against susceptible and drug-resistant strains of B. pseudomallei and is also active against Burkholderia mallei, Bacillus anthracis, Yersinia pestis, and Francisella tularensis. GC-072 is bactericidal both extra- and intracellularly, with rapid killing noted within a few hours and reduced development of resistance compared to that for ceftazidime. GC-072, delivered intragastrically to mimic oral administration, promoted dose-dependent survival in mice using lethal inhalational models of B. pseudomallei infection following exposure to a 24- or 339-LD50 (50% lethal dose) challenge with B. pseudomallei strain 1026b. Overall, GC-072 appears to be a strong candidate for first-line oral treatment of melioidosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy|
|State||Published - 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases